Loss of memory, cognitive and psychological changes, affected thinking and social abilities that interfere with one’s daily life – all are a group of symptoms that collectively describe dementia.
Dementia is not a disease, but rather a neurologic condition that can be caused by several different diseases – the most common of which is Alzheimer’s – and, depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms can be reversed.
Common Dementia Symptoms
The specific cause of dementia can be traced to damage to or loss of nerve cells and their connections in the brain.
Depending on the area of the brain that is affected by the impairment, dementia can affect different people in different ways, causing different symptoms. These include cognitive changes, such as:
- Noticeable memory loss
- Confusion and disorientation
- Trouble with visual and spatial abilities, such as easily getting lost
- Difficulty with communicating coherently, reasoning or solving problems, handling complex tasks, planning, and organizing, and/or coordination and motor function